Höss S, Reiff N, Asekunowo J, Helder, J (2022). Nematode community of a natural grassland responds sensitively to the broad‐spectrum fungicide mancozeb in soil microcosms. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 41, 2420-2430, doi: 10.1002/etc.5427.

Höss S, Rauchschwalbe M-T, Fueser H, Traunspurger W (2022). Food availability is crucial for effects of 1-μm polystyrene beads on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans in freshwater sediments. Chemosphere 298, 134101.

Lemaire G G, Rasmussen J J, Höss S, Figari Kramer S, Schittich A-R, Zhou Y, Köppl C L, Traunspurger W, Bjerg P L, McKnigh, U S (2022). Land use contribution to spatiotemporal stream water and ecological quality : Implications for water resources management in peri-urban catchments. Ecological Indicators 143, 109360.

Moehrke A F C, Haegerbaeumer A, Traunspurger W, Höss S (2022). Underestimated and ignored? The impacts of microplastic on soil invertebrates - Current scientific knowledge and research needs. Frontiers in Environmental Science 10, 975904.

Rauchschwalbe M-T, Höss S, Haegerbaeumer A, Traunspurger W (2022). Long-term exposure of a free-living freshwater micro- and meiobenthos community to microplastic mixtures in microcosms. Science of The Total Environment 827, 154207.

Schenk J, Höss S, Kleinbölting N, Traunspurger W (2022). Suitability of molecular taxonomy for assessing polluted sediments using the NemaSPEAR [%] index. Ecological Indicators 137, 108761.



Brüchner-Hüttemann H, Höss S, Ptatscheck C, Brinke M, Schenk J, Traunspurger W (2021). Added value of the NemaSPEAR[%]-index to routinely used macrofauna-based indices for assessing the quality of freshwater sediments.Ecological Indicators, 121, 107015.

Chapman E, Meichanetzoglou A, Boa A N, Hetjens H, Faetsch S, Teuchies J, Höss S, Moore D, Bervoets L, Kay P, Heise S, Walker P, Rotchell J M (2021). The Uptake of Sporopollenin Exine Capsules and Associated Bioavailability of Adsorbed Oestradiol in Selected Aquatic Invertebrates. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology107, 876–882.

Fueser H, Rauchschwalbe M-T, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2021). Food bacteria and synthetic microparticles of similar size influence pharyngeal pumping of Caenorhabditis elegans. Aquatic Toxicology, 235, 105827.

Höss S, Reiff N, Traunspurger W, Helder JA (2021). On the balance between practical relevance and standardization - testing the effects of zinc and pyrene on native nematode communities in soil microcosms. Science of The Total Environment, 788, 147742.

Rauchschwalbe M-T, Fueser H, Traunspurger W, Höss S (2021). Bacterial consumption by nematodes is disturbed by the presence of polystyrene beads: The roles of food dilution and pharyngeal pumping. Environmental Pollution, 273, 116471.

Rauchschwalbe M-T, Füser H, Traunspurger W, Höss S (2021). Ökologische Wirkungen: Toxizität von Mikroplastik auf aquatische Sedimentbewohner – Fallbespiel anhand der Nematoden. Korrespondenz Wasserwirtschaft, 14, 168–173.


Bighiu M A, Höss S, Traunspurger W, Kahlert M, Goedkoop W (2020). Limited effects of pesticides on stream macroinvertebrates, biofilm nematodes, and algae in intensive agricultural landscapes in Sweden.Water Research,174, 115640.

Du Preez G, Fourie H, Daneel M, Miller H, Höss S, Ricci C, Engelbrecht G, Zouhar M, Wepener V (2020). Oxygen consumption rate of Caenorhabditis elegans as a high-throughput endpoint of toxicity testing using the Seahorse XFe96 Extracellular Flux Analyzer. Scientific Reports, 10, 1–11.

Höss S, Roessink I, Brock T C M, Traunspurger W (2020). Response of a nematode community to the fungicide fludioxonil in sediments of outdoor freshwater microcosms compared to a single species toxicity test. Science of The Total Environment, 710, 135627.

Mueller M-T, Fueser H, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2020). Species-specific effects of long-term microplastic exposure on the population growth of nematodes, with a focus on microplastic ingestion. Ecological Indicators 118, 106698.

Mueller M-T, Fueser H, Trac L N, Mayer P, Traunspurger W, Höss S (2020). Surface-related toxicity of polystyrene beads to nematodes and the role of food availability. Environmental Science & Technology, 54, 1790–1798.

Schenk J, Höss S, Brinke M, Kleinbölting N, Brüchner-Hüttemann H, Traunspurger W (2020). Nematode-based bioindication of polluted sediments using metabarcoding and microscopic taxonomy. Environment International, 143, 105922.

Schenk J, Höss S, Brinke M, Kleinbölting N, Brüchner-Hüttemann H, Traunspurger W (2020). Dataset supporting the use of nematodes as bioindicators of polluted sediments. Data in Brief 32, 106087.

Traunspurger W, Witthöft-Mühlmann A, Höss S (2020). Free-living nematode communities in a large and deep oligotrophic lake in Europe – Comparison of different depth zones of Lake Constance (Germany). Nematology, 23, 69–87.


Fueser H, Mueller M-T, Weiss L, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2019). Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size.Environmental Pollution, 255, 113227.

Haegerbaeumer A, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2019). Nematode-based effect assessment in freshwater sediments. In: Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology. Humana Press; DOI 10.1007/7653_2019_38.

Haegerbaeumer A, Raschke R, Reiff N, Traunspurger W, Höss S (2019). Comparing the effects of fludioxonil on non-target soil invertebrates using ecotoxicological methods from single-species bioassays to model ecosystems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 183, 109596.

Höss S, Römbke J (2019). Effects of waste materials on Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda) using the ISO standard soil toxicity test. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26, 26304–26312.

Neury-Ormanni J, Doose C, Majdi N, Vedrenne J, Morin S, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2019). Tolerance of free-living nematode species to imidacloprid and diuron. Invertebrate Biology, 138, e12272.


Haegerbaeumer A, Höss S, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2018). Response of nematode communities to metals and PAHs in freshwater microcosms. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 148, 244–253.

Haegerbaeumer A, Höss S, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2018). Is Caenorhabditis elegans representative of freshwater nematode species in toxicity testing?Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 2879–2888.

Mertens M, Höss S, Neumann G, Afzal J, Reichenbecher W (2018). Glyphosate, a chelating agent—relevant for ecological risk assessment?Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 5298–5317.

Mertens M, Höss S, Neumann G, Afzal J, Reichenbecher W (2018). Reply to the letter to the editor by Swarthout et al. (2018): Comments for Mertens et al. (2018), Glyphosate, a chelating agent—relevant for ecological risk assessment?Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 27664–27666.

Sonne A T, Rasmussen J J, Höss S, Traunspurger W, Bjerg P L, Mcknight U S (2018). Linking ecological health to co-occurring organic and inorganic chemical stressors in a groundwater-fed stream system. Science of The Total Environment, 642, 1153–1162.


Bielská, L, Kah M, Sigmund G, Hofmann T, Höss S (2017). Bioavailability and toxicity of pyrene in soils upon biochar and compost addition. Science of the Total Environment 595, 132–140.

Hägerbäumer A, Höss S, Ristau K, Claus E, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2017): The use of meiofauna in freshwater sediment assessments: Structural and functional responses of meiobenthic communities to metal and organics contamination. Ecological Indicators, 78, 512-525.

Höss S, Heininger P, Claus E, Möhlenkamp C, Brinke M, Traunspurger W (2017): Validating the NemaSPEAR[%]-index for assessing sediment quality regarding chemical-induced effects on benthic communities in rivers.Ecological Indicators 73, 52–60.


Hägerbäumer A, Höss S, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2015): Experimental studies with nematodes in ecotoxicology: An overviewJournal of Nematology 47 (1), 11–27. 

Höss S, Fritzsche A, Meyer C, Bosch J, Meckenstock RU, Totsche KU (2015): Size- and composition-dependent toxicity of synthetic and soil-derived Fe oxide colloids for the nematode Caenorhabditis elegansEnvironmental Science & Technology 49, 544–552.

Höss S, Frank-Fahle B, Lüders T, Traunspurger W (2015): Response of bacteria and meiofauna to iron oxide colloids in sediments of freshwater microcosms. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 34 (11), 2660-2669.

Höss S, Reiff N, Ottermanns R, Pagel-Wieder S, Dohrmann A B, Tebbe C C, Traunspurger W (2015): Risk assessment of the cultivation of a stacked Bt-maize variety (MON89034 × MON88017) for nematode communities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 91, 109–118.


Höss S, Reiff N, Nguyen H T, Jehle J A, Hermes H, Traunspurger W (2014): Small-scale microcosms to detect chemical induced changes in soil nematode communities – Effects of crystal proteins and Bt-maize plant material.Science of the Total Environment, 472, 662–671.


Feiler U, Höss S, Ahlf W, Gilberg D, Hammers-Wirtz M, Hollert H, Meller M, Neumann-Hensel H, Ottermanns R, Seiler T-B, Spira D, Heininger P (2013): Sediment contact tests as a tool for the assessment of sediment quality in German waters.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32:144–155.

Höss S, Menzel R, Gessler F, Nguyen HT, Jehle JA, Traunspurger W (2013) Effects of insecticidal crystal proteins (Cry proteins) produced by genetically modified maize (Bt maize) on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.Environmental Pollution 2013, 178:147–151.

Ruf A, Beylich A, Blick T, Buechs W, Glante F, Höss S, Ross-Nikoll M, Ruess L, Russell DJ, Römbke J, Seitz H, Theißen B, Toschki A, Weinmann C, Zueghart W (2013) Soil organisms as an essential element of a monitoring plan to identify the effects of GMO cultivation. Requirements – Methodology – Standardisation.BIORISK – Biodiversity & Ecosystem Risk Assessmen 8:73–87.    


Höss S, Ahlf W, Bergtold M, Bluebaum-Gronau E, Brinke M, Donnevert G, Menzel R, Möhlenkamp C, Ratte HT, Traunspurger W, von Danwitz B, Pluta HJ (2012) Interlaboratory comparison of a standardized toxicity test using the nematode Caenorhabditiselegans (ISO 10872).Environmental Toxicology Chemistry, 31:1525–1535.

Traunspurger W, Höss S, Witthöft-Mühlmann A, Wessels M, Güde H (2012): Meiobenthic community patterns of oligotrophic and deep Lake Constance in relation to water depth and nutrients.Fundamental Applied Limnology, 180:233–248.

Wolfram G, Höss S, Orendt C, Schmitt C, Adamek Z, Bandow N, Großschartner M, Kukkonen JVK, Leloup V, Lopez-Doval J, Munoz I, Traunspurger W, Tuikka A, Van Liefferingen C, Von der Ohe PC, De Deckere E (2012): Assessing the impact of chemical pollution on benthic invertebrates from three different European rivers using a weight-of-evidence approach. Science of the Total Environment, 438:498–509.  


Franzen J, Menzel R, Höss S, Claus E, Steinberg CEW (2011) Organic carbon source in formulated sediments influences life traits and gene expression of Caenorhabditis elegans. Ecotoxicology 21:557-568

Höss S, Claus E, Von der Ohe P, Brinke M, Güde H, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2011) Nematode species at risk – a metric to assess pollution in soft sediments of freshwaters. Environment International 37:940-949.

Höss S, Nguyen-Thu H, Menzel R, Pagel-Wieder S, Miethling-Graff R, Tebbe CC, Jehle J, Traunspurger W (2011) Assessing the risk posed to free-living soil nematodes by a genetically modified maize (event Mon88017) expressing an insecticidal protein (Cry3Bb1).Science of the Total Environment 409:2674-2684.

Höss S, Schlottmann K, Traunspurger W (2011) Toxicity of ingested cadmium to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.Environmental Science & Technology 45:10219-10225.

Tuikka A, Schmitt C, Höss S, Bandow N, Von der Ohe P C , De Zwart D, De Deckere E, Streck G, Mothes S, Van Hattum B, Kocan A, Brix R, Brack W, Barcelo D, Sormunen A J, Kukkonen J (2011) Toxicity assessment of sediments from three European river basins using a sediment contact test battery.Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety 74:123-131.

Brinke M, Ristau K, Bergtold M, Höss S, Claus E, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2011) Using meiofauna to assess pollutants in freshwater sediments – a microcosm study with cadmium.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 30:427-438.  


Brinke M, Höss S, Fink G, Ternes T A, Heininger P, Traunspurger W (2010) Assessing effects of the pharmaceutical ivermectin on meiobenthic communities using freshwater microcosms.Aquatic Toxicology 99:126-137.

Höss S, Ahlf W, Fahnenstich C, Gilberg D, Hollert H, Melbye K, Meller M, Hammers-Wirtz M, Heininger P, Neumann-Hensel H, Ottermanns R, Ratte H T, Seiler T B, Spira D, Weber J, Feiler U (2010) Variability of freshwater sediment contact tests in sediments with low-level anthropogenic contamination – Determination of toxicity thresholds.Environmental Pollution 158:2999-3010.

Lopez-Doval J, Großschartner M, Höss S, Orendt C, Traunspurger W, Wolfram G, Munoz I, 2010. Invertebrate communities in soft sediments along a pollution gradient in a Mediterranean river (Llobregat, NE Spain).Limnetica 29:311-322.

Wolfram G, Orendt C, Höss S, Großschartner M, Adamek Z, Jurajda P, Traunspurger W, De Deckere E, Van Liefferingen C. (2010) The macroinvertebrate and nematode community from soft sediments in impounded sections of the river Elbe near Pardubice, Czech Republic.Lauterbornia 69:87-105. 


Heininger P, Höss S, Claus C, Pelzer J, Traunspurger W (2007) Nematode communities in contaminated river sediments.Environmental Pollution, 146, 64-76

Höss S, Weltje, L (2007) Endocrine disruption in nematodes – A review of effects and mechanisms.Ecotoxicology 16, 15-28. Comber S D W, Rule, K L, Conrad A U,

Höss S, Webb S, Marshall S (2008) Bioaccumulation and toxicity of a cationic surfactant (DODMAC) in sediment dwelling freshwater invertebrates.Environmental Pollution 153:184-191

Höss S, Arndt M, Baumgarte S, Tebbe C, Nguyen-Thu H, Jehle J (2008) Effects of transgenic corn and Cry1Ab toxin on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety 70, 334-340.

Höss S, Jänsch S, Junker T, Moser T, Römbke J (2009) Assessing the toxicity of contaminated soils using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as test organism.Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety, 72, 1811-1818.

Menzel, R, Swain S C, Höss S, Claus E, Menzel S., Steinberg, C E W, Reifferscheid G, Stürzenbaum S R (2009) Gene expression profiling to characterize sediment toxicity – a pilot study using Caenorhabditis elegans whole genome microarrays.BMC Genomics, 10, 160-174.    


Höss S, Traunspurger W, Severin G F, Jüttner I, Pfister G, Schramm K-W (2004) Influence of 4-nonylphenol on the structure of nematode communities in freshwater microcosms.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 23:1268-1275.

Comber S D W, Conrad A U, Höss S, Webb S, Marshall S (2006) Chronic toxicity of sediment-associated linear alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) to freshwater benthic organisms.Environmental Pollution 144:661-668

Steinberg C E W, Höss S, Kloas W, Lutz I, Meinelt T, Pflugmacher S, Wiegand C (2004) Hormonelike effects of humic substances on fish, amphibians, and invertebrates.Environmental Toxicology, 19:409–411.    


Steinberg C E W, Haitzer M, Höss S, Pflugmacher S, Welker M (2000) Regulatory impact of humic substances in freshwater. Verh Int Ver Limnol 27:2488-2491

Höss S, Bergtold M, Haitzer M, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C E W (2001) Refractory dissolved organic matter can influence the reproduction of Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda).Freshwater Biology 46:1-10.

Höss S, Henschel T, Haitzer M, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C (2001) Toxicity of cadmium to Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda) in whole sediment and porewater - the ambiguous role of organic matter.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 20:2794-2801

Gerhardt A, Schmidt S, Höss S (2002) Measurement of movement patterns of Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda) with the Multispecies Freshwater Biomonitor® (MFB) - a potential new method to study a behavioral toxicity parameter in sediments.Environmental Pollution 120:513-516

Höss S, Jüttner I, Traunspurger W, Pfister G, Schramm K-W, Steinberg C (2002) 4-Nonylphenol can enhance the reproduction of Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda).Environmental Pollution 120:169-172.

Steinberg C E W, Höss S, Brüggemann R (2002) Further evidence that humic substances have the potential to modulate the reproduction of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. International Review of Hydrobiology 87:121-133  


Höss S, Haitzer M, Traunspurger W, Gratzer H, Ahlf W, Steinberg C (1997) Influence of particle size distribution and content of organic matter on the toxicity of copper in bioassays using Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda).Water Air & Soil Pollution 99:689-695

Steinberg C E W, Haitzer M, Höss S, Lorenz R, Brüggemann R, Burnison B K (1997) Change of bioconcentration and effect of pesticides in the presence of humic substances.UWSF-Zeitschrift für Umweltchemie & Ökotoxikologie 9:64-68

Traunspurger W, Haitzer M, Höss S, Beier S, Ahlf W, Steinberg C (1997) Ecotoxicological assessment of aquatic sediments with Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda) - A method for testing in liquid medium and whole sediment samples.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 16:245-250

Haitzer M, Höss S, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C E W (1998) Effects of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the bioconcentration of organic chemicals in aquatic organisms - a review.Chemosphere 37:1335-1362

Haitzer M, Burnison B K, Höss S, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C E W (1999) Effects of quantity, quality, and contact time of dissolved organic matter on bioconcentration of Benzo[a]pyrene in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 18:459-465

Haitzer M, Höss S, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C (1999) Relationship between concentration of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the effect of DOM on the bioconcentration of benzo[a]pyrene.Aquatic Toxicology 45:147-158

Höss S, Haitzer M, Traunspurger W, Steinberg C E W (1999) Growth and fertility of Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda) in unpolluted freshwater sediments - response to particle size distribution and organic content.Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 18:2921-2925